Monday, July 27, 2015

Dr. Reuben Abati

Dear Friend,

My name is Dr. Reuben Abati, Senior Special Adviser (Media and Publicity) to former President Goodluck Jonathan GCFR, of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. I pray this letter meets you in good health. I was directed to contact you by the former President confidentially through this medium, as you may know; former President Goodluck Jonathan lost the recently concluded March 28, 2015 presidential election to President Muhammadu Buhari. Since the loss of the election to the opposition APC candidate President Buhari, there has been probable fear everywhere as the past administration is rightly anticipating that the current administration of President Buhari will probe all sectors of the economy including the controversial missing US$20billion from Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), which the Minister of Finance Dr (Mrs.) Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and Minister of Petroleum Resources, Mrs. Diezani Alison-Madueke are believed not to provide adequate answer to address the conflicting reports from various sourc

As a result of this development, Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, instructed me to seek your partnership in a confidential funds transaction so as to move the said funds out of Nigeria, under the apprehension that the current administration of President Buhari who took over power on May 29, 2015 may probe his regime, and should that happen, then part of the said funds will be used to pay attorney fees and other miscellaneous expenses, which may occur during such persecution, while the rest amount will be invested into lucrative businesses in your country .Our goal is to be prepared financially. Consequently the total sum of $250million USD cash has been moved and also deposited with a Shanxi Security & Storage Center (Gh) Ltd in Accra, Ghana by me as the sole depositor. I therefore seek your sincere and urgent partnership and cooperation to move the funds out of the security firm as soon as possible before the current administration concludes with restructuring of all the Ministries, Departments and Agencies (M

If you are interested to help in this deal, please kindly provide me with your mobile telephone number, full name and address so that we can discuss further about this issue n immediately. Thank you.

Yours sincerely,

Dr. Reuben Abati

Email analysis :

NOTE : Received : from []
NOTE : (helo=User) by with esmtpa (Exim 4.72)
NOTE : (envelope-from < >)

Dane Harley


This is Dane Harley Finance,a loan cooperate financial for real estate and any type of business financing, We offer loans to individuals, enterprises and other organizations to cooperate who need
financial assistant. or have you be denied of a loan from the bank? Whether stocks down and need refinancing? Are you looking for financial assistance? I offer loan at a maximum low rate of 3%, both safe and unsecured, every interested applicant should contact us to this Email:

First necessary information needed,

The purpose of the loan
phone Number
Loan amount required as
term loan
Monthly income / annual income:

Please: After you submit your information to us, you should always endeavor to check your e-mail 2-3 times a day to read updates from us.
Thank you and we look forward to working with you!

Dane Harley

Email analysis :


Export requirement PO No 4580081980


Please find attached PO 4580081980. Kindly acknowledge the receipt of the PO. We have released PO as per production dates shared by you. Please keeps stocks ready as per schedule given by you. We will give you dispatch schedule shortly. Please note we have created PO in name of Pl11. Please ensure to create invoice in name of PL11.

Thanks & Regards,
Manoj Deshmukh
Packaging Purchase

UPL Limited Plant -3,
Ankleshwar -9909931490

Email analysis :

NOTE : Export requirement PO No 4580081980
NOTE : Received : from User ( [])
NOTE : by (Postfix)


1775 K ST NW # 400
TEL/FAX: +1-206-202-1160



We have actually been authorized by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, and the governing body of the UNITED NATIONS Monetary Unit to ensure you receive your approved US$800,000.00 (EIGHT HUNDRED THOUSAND UNITED STATE DOLLARS) your accrued interest Payment from United Nations Organization. We have discovered with dismay that your payment has been unnecessarily Delayed by corrupt officials of the Bank who are Trying to divert your funds into their private accounts. To forestall this, security for your funds was organized in the form of your personal Identification number (PIN) ATM VISA CARD and this will enable only you to have direct Control over your funds in the ATM CARD. We will monitor this payment ourselves to avoid any illegal act from the bank official. We are happy to inform you that based on our recommendation/Instructions; your complete Inheritance funds have been credited in your favor through ATM VISA CARD. You are therefore advice to contact:

Agent Name: Mr. James Copeland
Tel Number: +447045768697
Fax Number: +44- 844-774-1790
Email Address:

Contact him for the issuance and the delivery of your ATM Card and make sure your ATM CARD is activated before delivery to your postal address as instructed. As soon as you establish a contact with him, an ATM card will be issued to you immediately which you can use to withdraw your funds in any Bank ATM Machine in your Country, your daily limit is US$10,000.00 per day. Contact Mr. James Copeland with the following information’s as stated below to avoid wrong delivery:

1. Your Full Name:
2. Your postal address:
3. Your Age:
4. Occupation:
5. Mobile Numbers:

Be informed that the total amount on the ATM Visa Card is US$800,000.00 (EIGHT HUNDRED THOUSAND UNITED STATE DOLLARS) we expect your urgent response to this matter to enable us monitor this payment to avoid further delay. Congratulations in Advance as you follow instructions.

Yours in Service.

United Nations
Funds Investigation Unit

Email analysis :


Rép : Contacts ISPXMPUXQP


Ref:: Personal Investment Proposal

Good Morning to you.

I have been trying to contact you on the phone but could not get through to you. Am Contacting you from Trophy Investment and Brokering company in London, we deals on International Investment services within Saudi Arabia and Arab clients. This deal involved the eventual investment capital of US66.6M. Belonging to A Royal Family Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia's Princess Sara bint Talal bin Abdulaziz .

We are by this letter offering you a partnership, so as to allow us have you as representative and manager of invested activities in your country within this time frame on investment and partnership platforms. Since we can not determine if this email is still functional and also your willingness, we have kept this proposal brief. If you are Interested in this offer to partner with us, please call me on +447452379134 or email me back with your direct telephone details to enable us discuss further.

Your expedient response will be appreciated.

Thank you.

Mr. Michael Magnet Lee

Email analysis :

NOTE : Received : from User (unknown [])
NOTE : by (DNS Email Server)



I am sorry for this interruption. I have no other way to reach you than these ways if the contents here under are contrary to your moral ethics. Please accept my apology, but please treat with absolute secrecy and personal.

With due regards, my name is maria keona,a banker by profession in Kingdom of Cambodia and currently holding the post of Director Auditing and Accounting unit of my bank. There is a draft account opened in my bank in 1998 by a long-time client of our bank, a national of your country. He was a CEO/a textile company owner, business man,a miner at Kruger mining company here in Cambodia, he was also a geologist and a mining consultant to several other mining conglomerates operating in Cambodia, china, Taiwan, Japan, Indonesia, Before he passed away on the November 16th 2004 by car accident with his wife and two children along Cambodia Vietnam road, leaving nobody as the Pakistan, Vietnam all in Asia. Before he passed away on the November 16th 2004 by car accident with his wife and two children along Cambodia Vietnam road, leaving nobody as the representative of his account after his death. The amount in this account is currently $28,625,370.00.I want to present you as the representative I will use my position and influence in our bank to make sure they release this money to you for us to share.

Yours Sincerely

maria keona.

Email analysis :

NOTE : Received : from nobody
NOTE : by with local (Exim 4.80.1)

Bank Draft $10.5m

The United Nations Headquarters, New York
United Nations Compensation Unit,
In Affiliation with World Bank
Our Ref: U.N/WBO/042UK/2015.

Congratulations Beneficiary

How are you today? Hope all is well with you and family? You may not understand why this mail came to you. We have been having a meeting for the past 7 months which just ended few days ago with the secretary to the UNITED NATIONS. This email is to all the people that have been scammed in any part of the world, the UNITED NATIONS in Affiliation with WORLD BANK have agreed to compensate them with the sum of USD EDIT Dollars. This includes every foreign contractors that may have not received their contract sum, and people that have had an unfinished transaction or international businesses that failed due to Government problems etc. We found your name in the list of those who are to benefit from these compensation exercise and that is why we are contacting you, this have been agreed upon and have been signed. You are advised to contact Rev John Donald of our paying center in United State, as he is our representative in USA, contact him immediately for your Check/ International Bank Draft of USD EDIT Dollars. This fund is in form of a Bank Draft for security purpose ok? So he will send it to you and you can clear it in any bank of your choice. Therefore, you should send him your full Name and telephone number your correct mailing address where you want him to send the Draft to you. Contact Rev John Donald PAYMENT CENTER with your payment Code:ST/DPI/829 immediately for your Check at the given address below:

Chief Protocol Officer
Dispatch Unit: Rev John Donald
605-644-6496 SMS ONLY

I apologize on behalf of my organization for any delay you might have encountered in receiving your fund in the past. Thanks and God bless you and your family. Hoping to hear from you as soon as you cash your Bank Draft. Making the world a better place. You are required to contact the above person and furnish him with the following of your information that will be required to avoid any mistakes:-

1. Your Full name:
2. Your Country:
3. Contact Address:
4. Telephone Number:
5. Fax Number:
6. Marital Status:
7. Occupation:
8. Sex:
9. Age:

We expect your urgent attention to this email to enable us monitor this payment effectively. Most importantly you shall be requested to pay the sum of $200(Only) by REV John Donald as the Delivery fee of your Bank Draft. Once you contact the Office, please request delivery option from him in other to avoid further delay Congratulations, and I look forward to hear from you as soon as you confirm your payment making the world a better place.

Secretary-General Mr Ban Ki Moon

Email analysis :

NOTE : Received : from [] (helo=User)
NOTE : by with smtp (Exim 3.36 #1)



I have registered your ATM CARD of $6.5. US with DHL Company with registration code of(Shipment Code awb 33xzs)please Contact with your delivery information such as,Your Name, Your Address and Your Telephone Number: Shipping company Office DHL,contact them immediately for the direction on how you will receive the ATM Card. Name of Director: Dr .Frank Ejike, E-mail:( Let me know once you receive your Atm card from them,Remember the only money you will pay is their delivery fee.

Best Regards,
Mr John Stanley

Email analysis :

NOTE : Received : from ([])
NOTE : by (Cantv Webmail)
NOTE : with HTTP;
NOTE : X-Originating-Ip : []

Tr : Bisous

Alors qui suis-je? Je m’appelle Mathilde et je suis serveuse de formation car j’ai eu mon CAP l’année dernière; je m’étais fait embaucher chez un bon restaurateur dans le quartier de la Croix Rousse (à Lyon) en janvier 2014, au début j’étais apprentie puis le 3 juin j’ai signé mon tout premier contrat en CDD; je gagnais 1535€ net par mois et j’étais très contente.

Bref tout se passait bien et je suis parti en congé le 17 août pour 2 semaines. A mon retour, c’était bizarre mon patron ne me parlait pas comme d’habitude; il était de nature joviale et là j’avais l’impression qu’il était devenu plus froid avec moi! Je me suis dit qu’il avait des soucis personnels et j’ai continué mon boulot comme si de rien n’était. A la fin du mois de septembre, mon boss embauchait une nouvelle serveuse, une roumaine qui ne comprenait pas super bien le français.. bref il voulait réduire les coûts j’imagine; Comme vous l’aurez compris ce fut la fin de mon CDD, et le 4 octobre 2014 j’étais pour la première fois de ma vie au chômage avec pour couronner cela un découvert à a banque de -763€. Je n’aurai jamais imaginé être là aujourd’hui entrain d’écrire mon histoire et vous parler de cette formation qui m’a sauvé et embelli la vie, et me permet aujourd’hui de gagner plus de 450€ par jour. Maintenant je vais vous raconter mon histoire juste pour dire et prouver à tout le monde qu’il ne faut jamais baisser les bras et qu’il y a toujours une solution pour gagner de l’argent même quand on y croit plus. J’ai pas longtemps cherché à comprendre et je me suis immédiatement remis à la recherche d’un nouvel emploi. J’ai cherché pendant 1 semaine sans relâche: pole emploi, monster job, leboncoin.. bilan de tout ça, 2 restaurateurs ont accepté de me recevoir, mais aucun d’entre eux de m’a embauché "vous n’avez pas assez d’expérience", c’est ce qu’ils m’ont dit.

J’avais 1 mois de retard sur le loyer, 763€ de découvert et je devais faire vite pour régler ce problème car je ne me voyais pas appeler mes parents qui habitent à Bordeaux pour leur parler de mon besoin d’argent urgent J’ai alors commencé à faire des recherches sur le net pour voir si on pouvait y trouver quelques astuces pour gagner de l’argent rapidement. J’ai pas hésité et j’ai essayé tout ce qui était proposé: sondages rémunérés, emails payés à l’ouverture, cliquer sur les pubs, etc. Les 2 premiers jours ou j’ai essayé tous ces sites, j’ai gagné en tout moins de 1,9€ et des misères. J’ai pas laissé tombé pour autant; j’ai continué mes recherches. Le lendemain après de nombreuses heures passées derrière mon écran, je découvre ce site: cliquez ici pour voir le vidéo Au début, ça m’a paru trop bizarre car je comprenais rien. Mais après j’ai vu que la méthode était américaine, alors je m’y suis intéressée de plus près; J’ai regardé toute la vidéo de formation 2 ou 3 fois en tout. J’avais tout compris et quand j’ai vu qu’il était possible de se faire de l’argent rapide j’ai voulu en savoir plus, alors j’ai alors recherché sur google pour voir si la méthode était bien sérieuse, et quand j’ai vu les témoignages de 4 personnes qui réussissaient à gagner de l’argent sur Internet comme ça, j’ai été rassurée et j’ai pris la décision de me lancer.

Et oui, moi aussi je voulais gagner de l’argent vite!! Après tout, pourquoi pas moi ? Le 13 octobre 2014, je me suis inscrite sur le site, et j’ai débuté. J’y suis allée petit à petit en respectant tous les conseils de la vidéo de formation. J’ai halluciné car au bout de 20 minutes j’avais déjà gagné 85.9€ ! Ça me paraissait trop facile parce que je faisais que respecter tout bêtement les conseils qui avaient été donnés dans la video.

Au bout d’1h30, mon solde affichait 380.9€ (j’avais déposé que 200€ à la base). J’étais en profit de 180.9€ en seulement 1 heure et demi. Un seul mot: Choquée! Le jour suivant rebelote, cette fois ci j’avais travaillé pendant 3 heures et j’avais gagné +390€ J’avais l’impression que pour une fois j’étais véritablement rémunéré pour le travail que je fournissais. J’ai fais pareil toute la semaine et les semaines suivantes jusqu’à la fin du mois. Le 31 octobre, le solde de mon compte affichait un profit de +6250€ ! J’en revenais pas! 4 FOIS mon salaire en 15 jours de travail seulement… Quand j’étais serveuse je travaillais le samedi, et là avec la méthode je travaillais que du lundi au vendredi ; car le samedi et le dimanche on peut pas puisque les marchés sont fermés de toute façon. Et attendez, c’est pas ça le meilleur moment: la joie extrême je l’ai ressentie la semaine suivante quand j’ai reçu sur mon compte bancaire à la banque postale le virement que j’avais commandé. Je continue de travailler en suivant toujours les mêmes principes de la formation et aujourd’hui je gagne en moyenne sur les 10 derniers jours plus de 450€ par jour. En tout depuis que j’ai commencé j’ai accumulé plus de 56000€ avec la méthode. Là j’ai plus aucune envie de faire serveuse, je suis trop à l’aise avec mon "nouveau metier", et ma meilleure amie qui avait elle aussi besoin d'argent assez rapidement s’est lancée aussi le mois dernier; pour l’instant elle fait des journées à 150€ en moyenne, mais elle apprend vite.

Je vous souhaite bon courage à tous!


Email analysis :

NOTE : Received : from
NOTE : (localhost.localdomain []) by


Federal Bureau of Investigation
Anti-Terrorist And Monitory Crime Division.
Federal Bureau Of Investigation.
J.Edgar.Hoover Building
935 Pennsylvania Avenue,
NW Washington, D.C.
20535-0001, USA

Customers Service Hours / Monday To Saturday:

Attention Dear Beneficiary ,

We bring to your notice that your email address was randomly selected as email address of scammed victims who are to be compensated that is why we are in contact with you so take your time to read this information carefully. Series of meetings have been held over the past 7 months with the secretary general of the United Nations Organization, this ended 3days ago. It is obvious that you have not received your funds valued at $3.5 Million us dollars due to past corrupt Governmental Officials who almost held the funds to themselves for their selfish reason and some individuals who have taken advantage of your funds all in an attempt to swindle your funds which has led to so many losses from your end and unnecessary delay in the receipt of your fund. The National Central Bureau of Interpol enhanced by the United Nations and Federal Bureau of Investigation have successfully passed a mandate to the president of the United States Of America President Obama to boost the exercise of clearing all foreign debts owed to you and other individuals and organizations who have been found not to have receive their Contract Sum, Lottery/Gambling, Inheritance and the likes. Now how would you like to receive your payment? Because we have two method of payment which is by Check or by ATM card?

ATM Card: We will be issuing you a custom pin based ATM card of the INTERSWITCH WORLD BANK which you will use to withdraw up to $10,000 per day from any ATM machine that has the Master Card Logo on it and the card have to be renewed in 4 years time which is 2019. Also with the ATM card you will be able to transfer your funds to your local bank account. The ATM card comes with a handbook or manual to enlighten you about how to use it even if you do not have a bank account.

Check: To be deposited in your bank for it to be cleared within three working days. Your payment would be sent to you via any of your preferred option and would be mailed to you via UPS. Because we have signed a contract with UPS which should expire in next three weeks you will only need to pay $380 instead of $420 saving you $40. Take note that anyone asking you for some kind of money above the usual fee is definitely a fraudsters and you will have to stop communication with every other person if you have been in contact with any. Also remember that all you will ever need to pay for is for the ups courier service delivery of your package which is $380 us dollars . And we
guarantee the receipt of your fund to be successfully delivered to you within the next 24hrs after the receipt of payment has been confirmed.

Note: Everything has been taken care of by The United Nations, Federal Bureau Of Investigation including tax offices, custom paper and clearance duty services so all you will ever need to pay is $380 which is for the ups courier service delivery of your package. DO NOT SEND MONEY TO ANYONE UNTIL YOU READ THIS: The actual fees for shipping your ATM card is $420 but because UPS have temporarily discontinued the C.O.D which gives you the chance to pay when package is delivered for international shipping We had to sign contract with them for bulk shipping which makes the fees reduce from the actual fee of $420 to $380 nothing more and no hidden fees of any sort! BELOW ARE


JOHNNY ALMANTE ==============1Z2X59394198080570
GARY METZGER ==============1Z2X59394195952759
GLEN PAPANIKAS ==============1Z2X59394198690947
CAROL R BUCZYNSKI ==============1Z2X59394197862530
KARIMA EMELIA TAYLOR ==============1Z2X59394198591527
LISA LAIRD ==============1Z2X59394196641913
POLLY SHAYKIN ==============1Z2X59394198817702


RICHARD AUTRY ============== 869713119185
GARY METZGER ============== 871363130860
MARK STUBBS ==============871363116168

To effect the release of your fund valued at $3.5Million us dollars you are advised to contact our correspondent,your special Fbi funds transfer agent Mr. MARK RUBEN with the
information below,


You are advised to contact him with the information's as
stated below:

1.Full Name:......................
2.Delivery Address:......................
4.Fax Number:......................
5.A Copy of Your Identity:......................
7.Marital Status:......................
10.Preferred Payment Method (ATM / Cashier Check)...............

Upon receipt of payment the delivery officer will ensure that your package is sent within 24 working hours and your funds transferred to you with immediate effect, Because we are so sure of getting a successful transfer of your funds ,giving you a 100% money back guarantee if you do not receive payment/package within the next 24hrs after you have made the payment for the UPS COURIER SERVICE DELIVERY of your package. And make sure that you keep the receipt of the $380 payment that you made because that is the prove you will show to the delivery team when they arrive at your door step with your package so as to avoid any embarrassment and setback.

Yours sincerely,
Miss Donna Gwen
J. Edgar. Hoover Building
935 Pennsylvania Avenue,
NW Washington, D.C.
20535-0001, USA

Note: Do disregard any email you get from any impostors or offices claiming to be in possession of your ATM CARD, you are hereby advice only to be in contact with your
assigned Fbi funds transfer agent Mr. MARK RUBEN. Forward any emails you get from impostors to this office so we could act upon and commence investigation.

Email analysis :

NOTE : Received : from unknown (HELO User)
NOTE : ( by

From Federal Reserve Bank

From the desk of Dr.Janet L Yellen
Of Federal Reserve Bank ,
33 Liberty St
New York, NY 10045-0001

We apologies for the delay of your payment and all the inconveniences we might put you through, while we were having some minor problems with our payment system which in all case not meeting up with fund beneficiary payments, we apologies once again. From the records of outstanding contractors due for payment with federal Government of U.S.A your name was discovered as next on the list out of the 11 outstanding contractors who have not yet received their payments during the 3 years tenure of the previous administration in office please bear with us for making this initial contact through email. Meanwhile, a woman came to this bank a few days ago with a letter claiming to be your true representative. Here is her informationis below.

Name: Mrs.Annette stillman
Bank name: Citibank , Arizona , USA .
Account Number: 6503809008
Routing number: 322271627
Swift code#:WMSBUS66
Address: 1723 Palmdale Bulv
Palmdale ca..93550

Please do reconfirm to this bank as a matter of urgency if this woman is from you or not so that the federal government will not beheld responsible for paying into wrong account, if this woman is not your representative, you requested to fill and send this informationis for verifications purpose so that your fund valued ($15.700, 000.00 usd) will be remitted in to your nominated bank account. Kindly reconfirm to the bank the following

1. Bank Name:
2. Bank account number:
3. Route number:
4. Swift code:
5. Bank name:
6. Company name:
7. Position:
9. Working Id/ intil Passport:
10. Age:
11. Your telephone number:

As soon as this information is received, your funds will be wired to your bank account directly from Federal Reserve Bank New York USA . We shall proceed to issue all payments details to the said Mrs. Annette Stillman if we do not hear from you within the next three working days from today. We are sorry for any inconvenience the delay in transferring of your fund must have caused you. You alerted reply urgent

Dr.Janet L Yellen
Director Federal Reserve Bank
33 Liberty St New York , NY 10045-0001

Email analysis :

NOTE : Received : from
NOTE : (mv-osn-hkg002 [])
NOTE : by (Postfix)
NOTE : X-Originating-Ip : []


Hello friend,

I want to trust you with this confidential proposal. Before I continue, let me introduce myself to you, I am Col. Thomas, the commander of the Special N.A.T.O coalition force with the United Nation troops in Afghanistan, on war against terrorism. I was working with General Stanley McChrystal, the former commander of U.S and NATO forces in Afghanistan before he was replaced last June by another General David Petraeus. I am serving currently in a Taliban territory; a remote Village in Bamyan province to the bustling capital Kabul (CBC’s Doc Zone).

Because of series of killing of England/United States troops in Afghanistan especially the shot down of UN helicopter that killed 30 American soldiers and 12 England Soldiers on the 5th of August 2013 and the five American soldiers who were killed by a bomb in Afghanistan on Thursday last week. After this series of killing I and my colleague decided to share the money we recovered on our raids on terrorist’s camp in Afghanistan. I have now in my possession the sum of $6M (Six million US Dollars).

I have carefully packaged the money in a box, I have made contact with a friend who is working with the UNITED NATIONS RED CROSS here in Kabul. He will assist me move the consignment out of the trouble area down to your country, which is the only safer means of moving it out of this hell hole, he will deposit it with the United Nations Red Cross as a diplomatic luggage as I have told him that the luggage belongs to one of our soldier that died during the attack but before giving up he told me to make sure the luggage get to his family. He will deposit the consignment for safe keep and to make contacts for its proper use.

So I need someone I can work with on trust and that is why I contacted you. So if you accept, I will put you forward as the beneficiary/owner of the funds and then the box shall be deposited on your name as the beneficiary and the Red Cross Agent will transfer the box to you anywhere in your city. I just need your acceptance and all is done. I have 100% assurance that you will surely receive the box without any hitch through United Nations, every arrangement will be made to proceed to your country.

Once I confirm your interest to my proposal, and your positive reply I will proceed with the arrangement to move the consignment out of the trouble area and register your name as the beneficiary then move the consignment to your country through the help of the Red Cross. I am willing to give you 30% of the total sum when the money is delivered to you. I wait for your response so we can proceed immediately. In less than 7days the money should be in your safe custody.

The only telephone access we have here is radio message which is for our general use and is being monitored, therefore all communication will be via email till we finish our assignment. Please keep it to your self even if you are not interested, thank God for President Barrack Obama whose keen interest is to call us back home soon.

Col. Tom.

Email analysis :

NOTE : X-Sender :
NOTE : Received : by
NOTE : X-Php-Originating-Script :
NOTE : ()